Class 9th Social Science

Many students are afraid of Social science because of its vast syllabus. The subject is distributed into four categories – Geography, History, Political Science and Economics. In Social science students get to know the dynamic living culture of the world. It is an important subject of class 9th and therefore students need to strictly focus on this particular subject. Students should get their concepts and theories crystal clear in order to score well in their examinations. As class 9th forms a base for higher Board class 10th, therefore, each and every topic should be thoroughly revised and practiced.

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CBSE Paper Structure

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3 Hours   80 Marks
Unit Title Marks
I India and the Contemporary World – I 20
II Contemporary India – I 20
III Democratic Politics I 20
IV Economics 20
TOTAL 80 Marks

Unit 1 : India and the Contemporary World – I

Sub-unit 1.1 : Events and processes:(All the three themes are compulsory)
In this unit the focus is on three events and processes that have in major ways shaped the identity of the modern world. Each represents a different form of politics, and a specific combination of forces. One event is linked to the growth of liberalism and democracy, one with socialism, and one with a negation of both democracy and socialism.
Two themes of the following:
1. French Revolution: Compulsory

  • The Ancient Regime and its crises
  • The social forces that led to the revolution.
  • The different revolutionary groups and ideas of the time
  • The legacy

2. Russian Revolution

  • The crises of Tzarism
  • The nature of social movements between 1905 and 1917
  • The First World War and foundation of Soviet state
  • The legacy

3. Rise of Nazism

  • The growth of social democracy (b) The crises in Germany
  • The basis of Hitler’s rise to power. (c) The ideology of Nazism
  • The impact of Nazism

Sub-unit 1.2: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies:
The themes in this section will focus on how different social groups grapple with the changes in the contemporary world and how these changes affect their lives.
Any one theme of the following :
4. Pastoralists in the modern world

  • Pastoralism as a way of life
  • Different forms of pastoralism
  • What happens to pastoralism under colonialism and modern states?

Case studies : focus on two pastoral groups, one from Africa and one from India.
5. Forest society and colonialism :

  • Relationship between forests and livelihoods
  • Changes in forest societies under colonialism

Case studies : focus on two forest movements one in colonial India (Bastar) and one in Indonesia.
6. Farmers and peasants :

  • Histories of the emergence of different forms of farming and peasant societies
  • Changes within rural economies in the modern world

Case studies : focus on contrasting forms of rural change and different forms of rural societies (expansion of large-scale wheat and cotton farming in USA, rural economy and the Agricultural Revolution in England, and small peasant production in colonial India)

Unit 2 : Contemporary India – I

1. India : size and location
2. Physical Features of India: relief, structure, major physiographic unit.
3. Drainage : major rivers and tributaries, lakes and seas, role of rivers in the economy, pollution of rivers, measures to control river pollution.
4. Climate : factors influencing the climate; monsoon- its characteristics, rainfall and temperature distribution; seasons; climate and human life.
5. Natural Vegetation and Wild Life: Vegetation types, distribution as well as altitudinal variation, need for conservation and various measures. Major species, their distribution, need for conservation and various measures.
6. Population : Size, distribution, agesex composition, population changemigration as a determinant of population change, literacy, health, occupational structure and national population policy : adolescents as under-served population group with special needs. (Chapter 6)
Note: Data of pg 53, 54 is to be updated by the teacher in the Text Book NCERT,

Unit – 3 : Democratic Politics I

1. What is Democracy? Why Democracy?: What are the different ways of defining democracy? Why has democracy become the most prevalent form of government in our times? What are the alternatives to democracy? Is democracy superior to its available alternatives? Must every democracy have the same institutions and values? (Chapter 2)
2. Constitutional Design: How and why did India become a democracy? How was the Indian constitution framed? What are the salient features of the Constitution? How is democracy being constantly designed and redesigned in India? (Chapter 3)
3. Electoral Politics: Why and how do we elect representatives? Why do we have a system of competition among political parties? How has the citizens’ participation in electoral politics changed? What are the ways to ensure free and fair elections? (Chapter 4)
4. Working of Institutions: How is the country governed? What does Parliament do in our democracy? What is the role of the President of India, the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers? How do these relate to one another? (Chapter 5)
5. Democratic Rights: Why do we need rights in a constitution? What are the Fundamental Rights enjoyed by the citizen under the Indian constitution? How does the judiciary protect the Fundamental Rights of the citizen? How is the independence of the judiciary ensured? (Chapter 6)

Unit – 4 : Economics

1. The Story of Village Palampur: Economic transactions of Palampore and its interaction with the rest of the world through which the concept of production (including three factors of production (land, labour and capital) can be introduced. (Chapter 1)
2. People as Resource: Introduction of how people become resource / asset; economic activities done by men and women; unpaid work done by women; quality of human resource; role of health and education; unemployment as a form of non-utilisation of human resource; sociopolitical implication in simple form. (Chapter 2)
3. Poverty as a Challenge: Who is poor (through two case studies: one rural, one urban); indicators; absolute poverty (not as a concept but through a few simple examples)-why people are poor ; unequal distribution of resources; comparison between countries; steps taken by government for poverty alleviation. (Chapter 3)
4. Food Security in India: Source of Foodgrains, variety across the nation, famines in the past, the need for self-sufficiency, role of government in food security, procurement of foodgrains, overflowing of granaries and people without food, public distribution system, role of cooperatives in food security (foodgrains, milk and vegetables ration shops, cooperative shops, two-three examples as case studies) (Chapter 4)
Note: Current status of PDS mentioned in NCERT class IX Economics to be deleted. (pg no. 49-51)

Sample Papers

The Class 9th Social Science CBSE Sample papers cater to the students the choicest of resources so that they are well-prepared for final exams and score more.
Practising these papers regularly can help in retention of important topics, while giving one a fair idea about the structure of questions to expect in the approaching exams. This will boost confidence of students.
Features of CBSE Sample Papers

  • The papers adhere to the CBSE syllabus and its marking scheme
  • Sample papers use an intuitive pattern to prepare students for questions likely to appear in exams
  • They will help students learn effective time management techniques, so that they get better at time allotment to different questions and can complete entire paper in time.
  • Sample papers also have a model solution provided by team of our expert faculty as per CBSE guidelines.

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